The University of Wales Dictionary of the Welsh Language (Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru) is now available online in a full version which is freely accessible. It is the only standard historical dictionary of Welsh and is broadly comparable in method and scope with the Oxford English Dictionary. GPC Online (www.geiriadur.ac.uk) allows the user to search for Welsh headwords, variant forms, and collocations, as well as synonymous words and phrases in the English definitions. The vocabulary is defined in Welsh with English synonyms, so GPC is not intended to be used as a translating dictionary. However, when the English definitions are searched, the results are ordered according to the relevance of the searched term in the definition, so as to give precedence to synonymous words.
GPC Online is the culmination of a process dating back to the early 1920s when a reading programme was set up at the National Library of Wales by the University of Wales Board of Celtic Studies to read and collect citations from all published Welsh material prior to 1800 together with a large proportion of early Welsh manuscripts and later printed material. Editorial work began in 1948/9 and the Dictionary was published in 64-page fascicles from 1950 onwards. The first edition was completed in 2002.
Since then, work has been ongoing to completely re-edit and comprehensively extend the very earliest sections dealing with A and B as well as adding entirely new vocabulary throughout the alphabet. It has been the intention for some time that the Dictionary should go online, but it has been a long process as it was necessary to encode all the Dictionary data around eight million words in all in XML. From now on the Dictionary will be published online only, although the previously published volumes and parts are still available to purchase. Further details
will be found on the GPC website: http://www.geiriadur.ac.uk/
Contact: Andrew Hawke, Managing Editor (firstname.lastname@example.org)
--Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Canolfan Uwchefrydiau
Cymreig a Cheltaidd Prifysgol Cymru, Llyfrgell
Genedlaethol Cymru, Aberystwyth, SY23 3HH
University of Wales Dictionary of the Welsh Language,
University of Wales Centre for Advanced
Welsh & Celtic Studies, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, SY23 3HH, UK
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